Category Archives: Brain Injuries

What Are the Leading Causes of Concussions?

Tuesday, March 1, 2022

A concussion is one of the most common types of brain injuries. This condition occurs when the brain experiences an immediate and transient alteration in function, leading to a temporary loss of normal brain mechanics. 

Many incidents can lead to a concussion, from sports injuries and motor vehicle accidents to acts of violence like assault. If you believe that you have a concussion, it is critical to seek medical care immediately to avoid potentially dangerous complications. 

What Are Top Causes of Concussion Injuries?

Concussions occur due to trauma to the head. The brain tissue is soft and delicate, protected by the hard skull or cranium. The cerebrospinal fluid surrounds the brain, acting as a cushion between the organ and the skull.

During a moment of severe impact or force, the brain can bounce and move around inside of the skull. The brain can collide with the sides of the skull at dangerous force, causes the brain cells to stretch and become damaged. As a result, the brain experiences chemical changes that impact its function.

There are many incidents that could lead to a concussion. Some of the leading causes of this injury include the following.

  • Motor vehicle accidents 
  • Falls on the same level or from high places
  • Injuries sustained during sports or on the playground
  • Being assaulted or hit on the head by another person

Concussion injuries can affect brain function for a brief period before healing with rest and medical care. However, some people experience lasting complications from these injuries, such as persistent post-concussive symptoms and post-traumatic headaches. 

Common Symptoms of a Concussion

It can be difficult to know when you have a concussion. Symptoms of this condition may not appear for a few hours following the initial injury. However, any damage to the brain can lead to serious complications like bleeding or swelling. It is important to go to the doctor after experiencing any blow or jolt to the head.

Symptoms of concussions can be subtle and difficult to spot at first. In most cases, people experience headache, temporary amnesia, and confusion. 

Additional symptoms of concussions include the following.

  • Ringing in the ears
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Blurry vision
  • Feeling in a fog
  • Dizziness
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Slurred speech
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Irritability and mood swings
  • Sensitivity to light and sound

What to Do If You Suspect That You Have a Concussion

If you believe that you have a concussion, it is critical to receive emergency medical attention as soon as possible. Without treatment, concussions can become very dangerous and result in serious complications in the future. Seek medical care and save all records related to your injury.

In many cases, concussions occur due to the negligence of another person. If you sustain a concussion in an accident caused by someone else, you may be eligible for legal action against the at-fault party. In these situations, it is important to consult with a Bakersfield brain injury attorney about your options.

Concussions can be serious and painful conditions that affect your daily life. If someone else’s actions are responsible for your injury, you deserve justice. Contact a California brain injury lawyer as soon as possible following the accident to discuss your case and strategize your next steps.

Posted by highrank at 5:32 pm

What Are Coup and Contrecoup Brain Injuries?

Tuesday, June 29, 2021

The brain is responsible for controlling our body’s most important functions, from memory and concentration to movement and speech. If you sustain any injury to the brain, you can sustain severe, long-term damage and permanent disability. Some of the most serious brain injuries are coup and contrecoup injuries, which occur when the brain hits the side of the skull. Without prompt treatment, a coup or contrecoup brain injury can be life-threatening. If you or your loved one was injured, a Bakersfield brain injury lawyer can help.

Symptoms of a Coup and Contrecoup Brain Injury

A coup brain injury occurs when your brain collides into one side of your skull, while a coup-contrecoup brain injury occurs both at the site of the initial trauma and on the opposite side of the skull. During a coup-contrecoup injury, the brain hits one side of the skull, slides to the other side, and sustains trauma on the opposite side of the initial trauma.

These injuries can be severe and result in painful symptoms, including the following.

  • Headaches
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Slurred speech
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Light or noise sensitivity
  • Coma

If you believe that you sustained a brain injury, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Without treatment, you can sustain permanent and life-threatening damage to the neurons, blood vessels, and other structures in the brain.

Legal Options After a Coup or Contrecoup Brain Injury

A brain injury can occur due to many acts, including motor vehicle collisions, falls from high places, and acts of violence. If you sustain a coup or contrecoup brain injury due to another person’s negligence, however, you may be eligible for financial compensation. You could file an insurance claim or lawsuit against the at-fault party.

To establish your right to this compensation, you will need to prove that the at-fault party was responsible for your injury and committed an act of negligence. In a personal injury lawsuit, you will need to provide sufficient evidence to prove the following four elements.

  • The at-fault party owed you a duty of care. For example, drivers have a duty to follow traffic laws and drive safely.
  • The at-fault party breached his or her duty of care. For example, a driver who runs a red light or drives while drunk breaches his or her duty.
  • The at-fault party’s breach of duty caused the accident and your coup or contrecoup brain injury.
  • You sustained damages that you can recover in the lawsuit.

You can use many pieces of evidence to prove your right to compensation, such as medical records, surveillance footage, witness testimony, and police reports.

What to Do If You Experience a Coup or Contrecoup Brain Injury

If you experience a coup or contrecoup brain injury, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Not only can emergency care help reduce the risk of life-threatening complications, but your medical records will be valuable for your future claim. Save all records related to your treatment and injuries.

Once you receive medical attention, contact a Bakersfield brain injury attorney as soon as possible. A lawyer can evaluate your case and determine whether or not you are eligible for a personal injury lawsuit. If you have grounds for a claim, your attorney will initiate your first steps toward compensation. Contact an attorney as soon as possible to discuss your legal options.

Posted by highrank at 1:11 pm

What Is a Hematoma and What Causes It?

Friday, April 30, 2021

Our brains serve as the command system for our bodies. Any damage to this vital organ can lead to long-term complications, including memory loss, chronic pain, seizures, and difficulty speaking or writing. Unfortunately, thousands of people suffer from traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) each year.

There are many types of TBI, which range in severity from mild damage to severe, life-threatening conditions. One type of serious brain injury is an intracranial hematoma, or bleeding in the brain.

What Is Intracranial Hematoma?

The term hematoma refers to a collection of blood outside of a blood vessel. Hematomas can occur in many locations, including under the nail bed, in the ear, and in the liver. Some of the most serious forms of hematoma occur in the brain.

Intracranial hematoma is a condition where blood collects inside of the skull. This condition occurs when a blood vessel inside of the brain ruptures or when a patient sustains a head injury during an accident. Symptoms of intracranial hematoma include the following.

  • Vomiting
  • Slurred speech
  • Loss of movement
  • Unequal pupil size
  • Confusion and dizziness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Worsening headache

If you believe you have an intracranial hematoma, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Without prompt treatment, this condition can lead to permanent brain damage, coma, or death.

Common Causes of Intracranial Hematoma

You can develop a hematoma in the brain for several reasons. Aneurysms, poorly developed arteries or veins, high blood pressure, and tumors can all contribute to this condition. However, hematoma often develops after you suffer a head injury in an accident. In many cases, someone else’s negligent actions cause brain injuries.

Car accidents often contribute to hematoma. You may hit your head or have an object penetrate your skull during a forceful collision, leading to bleeding in the brain and long-term brain damage. Any accident that results in a head injury can cause a hematoma, including slip and falls on someone else’s property and dangerous conditions on construction sites, such as falling debris.

The Long-Term Cost of Hematoma

Intracranial hematoma can be expensive to treat and painful to live with. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the lifetime economic cost of a severe brain injury could be as high as $76.5 billion.

Brain injuries often require thousands of dollars in medical care, long-term treatment and disability accommodations, and specialized therapy. Depending on the severity of your injury, you may be unable to work for a period of time or unable to return to your job at all.

The emotional and physical impact of hematoma can also be difficult, especially if you developed permanent complications or lost a loved one to a hematoma. If someone you loved died from a hematoma, you will also need to account for funeral and burial expenses, lost income and benefits, and the loss of his or her support, care, companionship, and love.

Legal Options for Hematoma Victims

If someone else’s actions caused you or a loved one to develop an intracranial hematoma, you may have grounds for a lawsuit or insurance claim. However, you will need to prove that the at-fault party caused the accident and the subsequent hematoma to occur. This involves collecting evidence, speaking to witnesses, and negotiating with insurance companies or defense attorneys.

In these situations, you need a California brain injury lawyer on your side. A brain injury attorney has the skills and resources you need to hold the at-fault party accountable. As soon as you receive medical attention for your hematoma, contact a California personal injury lawyer to discuss your optimal path to recovery.

Posted by highrank at 2:21 pm

What Is an Anoxic Brain Injury?

Friday, June 5, 2020

During an accident, one of the most serious injuries you can endure is a brain injury. Our brain is responsible for controlling many of our body’s functions, from our thoughts and emotions to sending messages between our brain and muscles so that we can move. One of the most severe types of brain injuries you can sustain is an anoxic brain injury, which occurs when something cuts off the oxygen flow to your brain.

How Do Anoxic Brain Injuries Occur?

Our brains need a steady supply of oxygen to function. When an adverse event cuts off oxygen flow to the brain, we can develop severe complications, depending on how long the oxygen loss takes place for. The longer we go without oxygen, the more brain cells die, disrupting important bodily functions and processes.

Many types of accidents and emergencies can lead to anoxic brain injuries, including the following.

  • Car accidents
  • Drug overdoses
  • Improper medical care or monitoring
  • Drowning
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Cardiac arrest

Symptoms of Anoxic Brain Injury

When you sustain an anoxic brain injury, you will initially lose consciousness for a certain period of time, depending on how long you go without oxygen. Prior to the loss of consciousness, you may experience slurred speech, confusion, and loss of control of your facial muscles.

Once you regain consciousness, you will likely experience certain effects due to the brain damage, which may include the following.

  • Memory impairment
  • Difficulty with coordination and balance
  • Headaches
  • Blurred vision
  • Motor skill impairment
  • Difficulty communicating or forming sentences
  • Depression and mood swings
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Loss of bowel and bladder control
  • Seizures
  • Personality changes

A full recovery from a severe anoxic brain injury is rare, but it is possible to recover from a mild anoxic brain injury with physical therapy and a comprehensive treatment regimen.

Anoxic Brain Injury Complications

Anoxic brain injuries can lead to significant physical consequences. People with severe anoxic brain injury may enter a coma during the loss of consciousness, or enter a vegetative state upon regaining consciousness. Many cases of severe anoxic brain injury result in death.

In addition, anoxic brain injuries can have an impact on your daily life. You may have trouble performing simple tasks or communicating with the people around you. You may experience personality changes or mood swings that can place a strain on your relationships.

You may develop mental health conditions, such as post-traumatic stress disorder or depression. You may suffer a reduced quality of life and an inability to maintain self-sufficiency, depending on the nature of your injuries.

The financial implications can be just as difficult as the physical ones. If you suffer an anoxic brain injury during an accident, you will likely require years of intensive medical care and physical therapy, as well as disability accommodations. You may also lose wages during your recovery time, or your injury can prevent you from returning to work altogether.

Your Legal Options After an Anoxic Brain Injury

If someone else’s negligence or recklessness caused the accident that resulted in your (or a loved one’s) anoxic brain injury, you have legal options available to seek justice. You or your loved one may be eligible for compensation through a personal injury lawsuit or insurance claim, if applicable.

Contact a Bakersfield brain injury attorney as soon as possible to discuss your case and determine whether you have grounds for legal action.

Posted by highrank at 9:44 pm

Can Social Media Impact My Case?

Tuesday, April 7, 2020

Today’s personal injury cases have several unique considerations that yesterday’s did not. With the advent of social media, it’s easy to share sensitive details of our personal lives in what we believe is a private forum.

However, your social media posts may be accessible to the defendant, members of the defendant’s legal team, and other individuals involved in your claim. What you post online can have a significant impact on your personal injury case — and likely not a positive one.

Social Media and Personal Injury Cases

Although your intentions may not be harmful, social media posts can be very detrimental to a personal injury case. If you are pursuing a personal injury claim, you suffered an injury that you claim that someone else caused, and are seeking compensatory damages to help you recover. These damages can include payment for medical bills, long-term care and disability accommodations, and lost wages during recovery time.

If something you post online raises suspicion about the nature of your injuries, the extent of your treatment plan or medical expenses, or your recovery timeline, you could lose your chance at receiving your settlement. The type of content that could lead to loss of credibility is not always obvious.

For example, say that you suffered a broken leg in a car accident. The at-fault driver caused this car accident by speeding through a red light and striking the side of your car. While you can easily prove that the at-fault driver was responsible for the accident by examining surveillance footage and police reports, proving your need for compensation is a bit more difficult.

You file your claim and ask for $50,000 to cover your damages, which includes ongoing medical treatment for at least four months. During your case, you attend a party while using your crutches. A friend takes a picture with you at the party, and your crutches are outside of the shot.

If you post this picture onto social media, it will raise suspicion about your need for medical treatment and the credibility of your injuries. The insurance company or the defense attorney could use this photo as justification that your treatment costs do not need to be as high as you claim — potentially leading to a reduction in your overall settlement and a loss of the funds you need to recover.

Social Media Tips for Personal Injury Victims

Although you must be careful about what you say online, it can be difficult to quit social media cold turkey and you may still want to be active on your accounts. However, it is important to be smart, be cautious, and think before you post.

  • Set all of your social media accounts to private and limit your posts as much as possible during the extent of your case. Something as simple as sharing a funny picture could be evidence against you. Keep your profiles locked and only post when necessary.
  • Do not accept any friend or follower requests from people you do not know in real life. Although many states consider this practice unethical, some attorneys or even insurance representatives may attempt to follow or friend you. It is best not to accept any new requests during your case.
  • When you do make a post on social media, do not post anything about your case. Remember, anything you post online could be evidence against you. If you make a contradicting statement, you can lose your chance at collecting the compensation you need.
  • In addition to the above tip, do not post about your injuries, doctor’s visits, treatment progress, travel, or anything related to the harm you suffered. These statements could become evidence against you.

Personal injury cases can be complex, especially in today’s digital age. You must take extra caution when sharing details of your case online, or even with family and friends. If you say or share something that could harm your credibility, you can lose your chance at collecting the settlement you need to recover.

For best results and to avoid accidental harm, contact a personal injury attorney as soon as possible. Your Bakersfield personal injury attorney can advise you on the best practices of posting on social media, helping you preserve your credibility and increase your chances of a successful outcome.

Posted by highrank at 5:15 pm

What Is Second Impact Syndrome?

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Concussions are common injuries from vehicle accidents, violence, and sports accidents. These injuries can range in severity and cause a host of unpredictable symptoms, some of which may impact the victim’s quality of life for months or even years.

A concussion occurs when an external force causes the brain to hit the inside of the skull. This may cause swelling or even bleeding, and the victim may experience unpleasant symptoms for several days, but most concussion victims make full recoveries within a few weeks.

Symptoms of a concussion can include short-term and long-term headaches, personality changes, symptoms of depression, and more symptoms that vary from person to person. One of the most dangerous symptoms is increased susceptibility to future concussions. A person who suffers a concussion can usually receive medical care to make a full recovery. However, Second Impact Syndrome (SIS), is a possibility after any concussion and this condition is almost always fatal.

What Is SIS?

SIS occurs when the brain swells from a concussion before the symptoms of the first concussion subside. For example, an athlete suffers a concussion during practice and receives doctor’s orders to avoid training for several weeks. A few days after his initial symptoms subside, he has a minor car accident that causes a second concussion. If the swelling and other symptoms of the first concussion had not yet subsided, he could experience SIS and die within minutes.

Anyone who suffers any kind of head injury faces a risk of concussion. If you find yourself in this situation and experience any symptoms of a concussion such as confusion, dizziness, nausea, or fall unconscious for any period, seek medical treatment immediately.

Concussion Treatment

The best treatment for a concussion is rest, though a doctor may recommend anti-inflammatory medications to ease other symptoms. Rest serves two main functions: to allow the brain to physically heal from the concussion, and to keep the patient away from potentially dangerous situations that could lead to SIS.

A physician will usually recommend avoiding sports and strenuous activity for an extended time, and he or she may also recommend avoiding driving if possible. Patients should follow these instructions very carefully and use extreme caution during any activity that could lead to a head injury or they risk developing potentially fatal SIS.

Patients who fully recover from their concussions will still have an increased susceptibility to future concussions, so they must use care when deciding which activities to perform following concussion treatment. A second impact may show no visible signs at first and the victim may feel well enough to continue whatever he or she was doing only for symptoms to rapidly worsen within minutes, leading to the victim’s collapse and loss of consciousness.

Concussion and SIS Prevention

While a concussion may be treatable with swift medical attention, SIS can prove fatal within minutes of a secondary impact. Those who are lucky enough to survive SIS usually develop permanently disabling brain disorders. The best method to prevent this is to prevent a primary concussion whenever and however possible.

When playing sports, wear necessary protective headgear and only play in stride with your skill level. When driving, wear a seatbelt and follow the traffic laws to limit both the risk of an accident and your potential injuries in an unavoidable accident. After suffering a concussion, pay very close attention to your doctor’s orders and treatment advice.

Even after making a full recovery, use extra caution for several weeks to several months following the disappearance of your concussion symptoms. It is always best to limit your risk of a concussion at all times and use extreme caution during any activity that could potentially result in a head injury. For additional information regarding securing compensation to help with medical bills, pain and suffering, and the like, speak with a skilled brain injury lawyer in Bakersfield.

Posted by highrank at 6:09 pm

What Are the Long-Term Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury?

Tuesday, March 12, 2019

Traumatic brain injuries are some of the most severe injuries a human being can sustain, and these injuries can have unpredictable long-term and permanent effects. Anyone who has suffered a traumatic brain injury should pay very close attention to his or her doctor’s instructions and treatment plan and report any new symptoms or changes in symptoms immediately.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries

Concussions are one of the most common traumatic brain injuries seen in the U.S., commonly resulting from car accidents, sports injuries, and interpersonal violence. A concussion occurs when an external force causes the brain to strike the inside surface of the skull. The human brain sits in the cranial cavity with a cushion of fluid surrounding it to protect it from the jagged surface of the inside of the skull. When a strong blow causes the brain to hit the inside of the skull, the damage may be minor or cause life-altering problems for the victim.

Most people who suffer mild concussions recover within a week or two with lots of rest and avoiding strenuous activities. However, some people may experience persistent uncomfortable or painful symptoms for months or even years following concussions. Additionally, suffering a concussion increases the victim’s vulnerability to future concussions. The symptoms of Post-Concussion Syndrome or persistent concussion symptoms include nausea, confusion, severe headaches, personality changes, and more.

Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries

The brain is incredibly complex and powerful, but it is still vulnerable to injury. A penetrating head wound like a gunshot, knife wound, or impact wound from debris could cause fatal damage to the human brain. However, a victim who survives such an injury may experience a wide range of possible symptoms of various levels of severity.

Some people who experience severe traumatic brain injuries may develop personality changes, suffer cognitive difficulties, or experience memory loss or trouble making new memories. Others may only experience slight discomfort such as recurring mild headaches or changes in sensory perception. For others, the changes can be more dramatic. They may suffer amnesia, experience complete personality shifts, or develop secondary medical conditions related to their head injuries that severely diminish quality of life.

Permanent Disabilities

Many traumatic brain injuries cause long-term or permanent damage. A victim who enters a comatose or vegetative state following a traumatic brain injury may sustain further brain damage, potentially resulting in permanent neurological, behavioral, or cognitive impairment. These individuals may then require constant supervision and 24-hour daily care at home or an assisted living facility or hospital.

The effects of a traumatic brain injury are unpredictable. The type, size, and severity of the injury are only a few factors that determine the long-term effects. The victim’s overall medical status, age, preexisting medical conditions, and environmental factors may all influence his or her future prognosis. However, many severe brain injuries often result in life-changing disabilities, permanent mental deficiencies, and require long-term or permanent medical care and supervision.

Worsening Symptoms Over Time

Unfortunately, many of the long-term negative symptoms resulting from a traumatic brain injury will worsen over time. Some victims may experience progressively worsening headaches while others develop more extensive memory or sensory difficulties after their injuries. Others may develop disabilities that lead to depression, anxiety, anger, and secondary medical complications.

A brain injury victim should follow all physician instructions carefully and make all necessary medical appointments. If he or she requires ongoing care following a traumatic brain injury, his or her primary caregiver must stay alert for any sudden changes in the patient’s behavior or symptoms. Some traumatic brain injuries can damage the structure of the brain and cause it to deteriorate over time, and vigilance can help prevent potentially fatal complications from these issues. For more information on how to recover compensation for a TBI, speak with a brain injury attorney in Bakersfield.

Posted by highrank at 9:33 pm

How Long Does Post Concussion Syndrome Last?

Monday, December 24, 2018

Concussions are some of the most common traumatic brain injuries in the United States. Although treatable and relatively mild compared to more severe brain injuries, concussions can still cause severe medical complications and leave victims more susceptible to concussions in the future. One of the most problematic possible effects of a concussion is the manifestation of Post-Concussion Syndrome, a medical condition that can entail a host of adverse symptoms.

What Is Post-Concussion Syndrome?

Post-Concussion Syndrome is a very complex medical condition that entails different symptoms for everyone who experiences the condition. It is important to note that Post-Concussion Syndrome applies to the symptoms a person experiences following a concussion and the term does not necessarily describe an exact set of symptoms.

Symptoms following a concussion typically subside within a week to ten days, but they can persist for months or even more than a year. Some reported symptoms are common following concussions.

  • Headaches, specifically tension headaches. It is also possible for a concussion victim to have tension headaches because of a neck injury that occurred at the same time as the concussion.
  • Rest is one of the most important treatments following a concussion. It is possible for a concussion victim to experience dizzy spells from standing up too fast or from remaining standing for too long.
  • A concussion can make a victim feel sapped of his or her energy, and these feelings can persist for some time. Again, rest is a very effective treatment.
  • Irritability and mood swings. A concussion can cause unpredictable changes in a person’s personality, and Post-Concussion Syndrome has a tendency to cause mood swings and episodes of intense agitation.
  • Insomnia and sleep difficulties. A person struggling with Post-Concussion Syndrome may have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, and lack of sleep can potentially exacerbate other symptoms.
  • Memory problems. Post-Concussion Syndrome can interfere with memories and cause short-term memory difficulties following the injury.
  • Sensitivity to sound and light. One of the most common symptoms of a concussion and Post-Concussion Syndrome is increased sensitivity to light and sound.

Understanding the Effects of a Concussion

Medical research still has not pinpointed the exact reason why some concussion victims develop permanent symptoms of Post-Concussion Syndrome while others appear to make full recoveries in a matter of days to weeks. Some believe that a concussion causes structural damage to the brain itself which can, in turn, alter several brain functions. The brain may adapt to these changes and alter patterns of cognition and behavior rather than returning to normal after healing, so it is possible for a person to display significant personality changes after a concussion.

It is impossible to accurately predict how long Post-Concussion Syndrome will last for a particular patient. However, research has indicated that people who suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, depression, and anxiety are statistically more likely to suffer from long-term Post-Concussion Syndrome symptoms. Social environment, family support, and coping skills also seem to play a role in this.

Managing Post-Concussion Syndrome

Since you cannot predict how long Post-Concussion Syndrome will last for an individual, the best thing to do is to follow the attending physician’s instructions, get lots of rest, and take medications to manage unpleasant symptoms. It is important to track any changes in your condition after a concussion, for better or worse. If you notice some symptoms starting to increase in severity, notify your doctor immediately as this could be a sign of severe brain damage or another medical condition.

It is also crucial for anyone who has had a concussion to do everything possible to limit the chance of additional concussions in the future. For example, if you sustained a severe concussion while playing a team sport and experienced Post-Concussion Syndrome symptoms for several months, this should be a sign that it would be best to avoid returning to that sport in the future. In the event somebody else’s negligence caused your brain injury, speak with a knowledgeable Bakersfield brain injury lawyer to learn about your options for financial recovery.

Posted by highrank at 7:16 pm

What Is the Glasgow Coma Scale?

Monday, December 17, 2018

Traumatic brain injuries are some of the most severe injuries a person can suffer and some traumatic brain injuries result in periods of unconsciousness. The Glasgow Coma Scale is a tool used by physicians to determine the severity of unconscious periods. Long periods of unconsciousness can have a dramatic effect on the health of the brain and it is vital for attending physicians to understand their patients’ situations and the risk of long-term brain damage.

The Glasgow Coma Scale helps physicians understand the severity of a brain injury and the scale uses several metrics to help determine this. In reality, anyone can refer to the Glasgow Coma Scale after another person suffers a brain injury to determine the severity of the victim’s condition. If your brain injury was caused by the negligence of another party, be sure to speak with a skilled Bakersfield brain injury lawyer to learn more about your legal options.

How Does the Scale Work?

The Glasgow Coma Scale measures three aspects of a brain injury: eye opening, verbal response, and motor response. A brain injury can interfere with all of these factors, and the Glasgow Coma Scale helps first responders ascertain the immediate damage following a brain injury.

The person administering a Glasgow Coma Scale test will first judge the victim’s eye opening. If the victim cannot open his or her eyes it qualifies as “not testable” or “none.” If the victim opens his or her eyes in response to pressure, this qualifies as a score of “2,” and eye opening in response to sound is a score of “3.” If the victim’s eyes spontaneously open, this receives a score of “4.”

The next step of the test is measuring verbal response ability. This scale includes:

  • 5: the victim appears oriented in his or her verbal responses.
  • 4: the victim appears confused based on verbal responses.
  • 3: the victim may speak incoherently.
  • 2: the victim makes sounds, but no intelligible words.
  • 1: the victim cannot make any sounds or words.
  • NT: “not testable,” which only applies to individuals who cannot speak regularly, such as infants.

A similar scale exists for motor response, but it extends to an additional level. This scale includes:

  • 6: the victim can obey simple commands such as touching fingertips together or pointing at objects in the distance.
  • 5: the victim displays localizing motor responses.
  • 4: the victim shows normal flexion in motor responses.
  • 3: the victim shows limited flexion in motor responses.
  • 2: the victim displays extension in motor responses.
  • 1: no motor response.
  • NT: “not testable,” which only applies to victims who cannot offer motor responses even in normal circumstances.

Once the person administering the Glasgow Coma Scale test determines scores for all three verticals for a victim, he or she adds the scores together to determine the severity of the victim’s condition. A mild brain injury typically falls in the range of GCS 13 to 15. A moderate brain injury will have a GCS score of 9 to 12, and a severe brain injury will measure 8 or less on the Glasgow Coma Scale.

Treating Brain Injuries

The Glasgow Coma Scale helps first responders determine a patient’s condition so he or she receives appropriate treatment. Severe and moderate brain injuries are the most likely to cause long-term damage, but the reality is that any type of brain injury has the potential to cause lasting damage. Any brain injury can result in cognitive impairment, memory problems, and permanent neurological damage.

Proper use of the Glasgow Coma Scale can help to ensure that a patient receives appropriate treatment for a brain injury in a timely manner. It is also important for anyone who administers a Glasgow Coma Scale test to remember that other factors like pre-existing medical conditions, shock, and drug and/or alcohol use can influence test results. Medical professionals can administer a separate Glasgow Coma Scale test to children who do not have the same motor and verbal capabilities as adults.

Posted by highrank at 6:55 pm

What Is Post-Concussion Syndrome?

Tuesday, October 16, 2018

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that occurs when a force causes the brain to move inside the skull cavity, striking the insides of the skull. The brain essentially floats within the skull, and any traumatic impact or blow to the head can cause the brain to shift violently within this fluid. After the brain strikes the inside of the skull, the victim experiences a concussion, and the symptoms vary greatly from person to person.

A concussion may result in a brief period of unconsciousness, disorientation, and confusion. Other symptoms can include sensitivity to noise and light, headache, nausea, sensory confusion, and a host of other symptoms. The immediate effects of a concussion may only appear to last a few hours to a few days, but one of the most troubling aspects of concussions is their tendency to cause long-term problems, including post-concussion syndrome. In the event you or somebody you love sustained head injuries caused by the negligence of another party, speak with a Bakersfield brain injury attorney as soon as possible.

What Are the Symptoms of Post Concussion Syndrome?

An individual who experiences a concussion will be more susceptible to concussions in the future, and he or she may also develop post-concussion syndrome. The symptoms of this condition differ for every individual, so a physician may diagnose a patient as having post-concussion syndrome in one of many ways. Some of the most common symptoms of post-concussion syndrome include:

  • Headaches and dizziness
  • Vertigo
  • Anxiety
  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Insomnia or difficulty sleeping
  • Lapses in memory and/or diminished short-term memory
  • Fatigue, apathy, and symptoms of depression
  • Noticeable personality changes

A physician may look for three or more of these symptoms to diagnose a patient with post-concussion syndrome, and additional screenings such as CT scans and MRIs may help accurately diagnose a patient.

Prognosis for Post-Concussion Syndrome

Post-concussion syndrome has physical and psychological effects, making it difficult to treat in some patients. Rest is generally the most recommended treatment for a concussion, but this may exacerbate the psychological symptoms of post-concussion syndrome like depression, anxiety, and restlessness. Most patients who experience post-concussion syndrome make full recoveries within three months, but some cases can last a year or longer.

No one-size-fits-all approach to treating post-concussion syndrome is available, as the symptoms differ for every person who experiences it. Physicians must develop individualized treatment plans to address the physical and psychological symptoms of post-concussion syndrome for the best recovery experience.

Individuals who experience concussions and the symptoms of post-concussion syndrome should take care to prevent subsequent concussions in the future. Individuals who experience a second or third concussion generally report more severe symptoms, and repeat concussions are more likely to cause long-term damage.

Risk Factors for Concussions

Two of the most common causes of concussions in the United States are motor vehicle accidents and sports injuries. Motor vehicle accidents continue to be one of the leading causes of accidental injury and death in the U.S., and many people who survive serious car accidents sustain concussions. Many contact sports are prevalent in American life as well.

Football, hockey, basketball, soccer, and many other sports carry risks of causing concussions from collisions with other players, falls to the ground, blows to the head from equipment, and many other potential hazards. Athletes, especially younger athletes still in school, should take care to follow their sports’ safety regulations and wear appropriate equipment to prevent concussions.

While you can never predict the actions of other drivers on the road, you can use good judgment to do your part to prevent motor vehicle accidents and limit your risk of injury if an accident happens. Always wear a seatbelt while driving or riding as a passenger and drive defensively. Refrain from speeding and aggressive driving and use extra caution in high-risk areas like construction zones, heavy merging areas, and busy city streets. It’s possible to sustain a concussion from even a mild fender-bender, so safe driving is a great way to prevent these injuries

Posted by highrank at 9:25 pm