All posts by highrank

5 Types of Brain Injuries Sustained in Car Accidents

Wednesday, September 21, 2022

When a car accident happens, it is common for the vehicle occupants to suffer forceful blows, jolts, or bumps to the head. This trauma can cause serious damage to the brain and lead to painful, sometimes life-altering effects like persistent headaches, loss of function, or even a coma.

Brain damage can range in severity and can lead to significant financial, physical, and emotional hardships. There are many types of brain injuries that a person could sustain in a car accident, including concussions, skull fractures, and contusions.

#1: Concussion

Concussions are one of the most common types of brain injuries in traumatic accidents. This injury is typically caused by a blow to the head and results in symptoms like nausea, headache, vomiting, blurred vision, and ringing in the ears.

Concussions are relatively mild, but some injuries can lead to dangerous complications and long-lasting effects. Some patients experience a temporary change in mental function and could suffer compounded symptoms if they have another concussion before the first one is healed.

#2: Skull Fracture

During a car accident, the skull surrounding your brain can fracture or crack. Because they can happen any time that you hit your head, skull fractures usually occur in addition to other injuries like concussions. Symptoms of this condition include bruising, swelling, severe head pain, and bleeding from the ears or nose.

#3: Coup-Contrecoup Injury

A coup-contrecoup injury occurs when your brain is injured in two places. During a car accident, you could suffer a blow to the head that severely injures the brain at the site of impact. However, the force can be so great that it causes your brain to slide to the other side of your skull and suffer an injury on the opposite end. Coup-contrecoup injuries can be very painful and lead to bleeding, swelling, and bruising.

#4: Brain Contusion

Contusion is another word for bruise. When the brain suffers a violent jolt or blow during a car accident, it is very common for contusions to develop. In some cases, brain contusions heal without major medical intervention. However, these injuries can lead to extremely dangerous complications like blood clots and bleeding.

#5: Diffuse Axonal Injuries

Axons are cables that connect different neurons in the brain together, allowing electrical impulses to travel from cell to cell. Extreme forces exerted during a car accident can cause the axons to tear or shear, leading to a diffuse axonal injury. This type of brain injury is extremely severe and often results in devastating injuries, comas, or death.

Contact a California Brain Injury Attorney

If your brain was damaged in a motor vehicle collision, you deserve fair compensation for the harm that you suffered. By filing a brain injury lawsuit or car insurance claim, you could secure a settlement to help pay for medical care, property damage, disability accommodations, and other losses.

If you have suffered a brain injury in California, you should retain the services of an attorney who will fight for the full value of your compensation. Your brain injury lawyer can help you navigate the legal process and work to protect your rights and best interests.

Get in touch with an attorney as soon as possible after your car accident to initiate an insurance claim or lawsuit. Your lawyer will evaluate your case and help you begin the process of obtaining the settlement you deserve.

Posted by highrank at 8:53 pm

Filing a Claim for a California Skull Fracture Injury

Wednesday, September 7, 2022

A skull fracture happens when the skull bone is broken or cracked, usually due to serious and forceful trauma. When this serious injury occurs, the victim can sustain serious brain damage that leads to lifelong complications.

If you suffered a skull fracture because of another person’s actions, you may be eligible for a lawsuit or insurance claim against the negligent party. By filing a claim for a skull fracture injury, you could recover financial compensation to pay for medical care, lost wages, and other damages that you experienced.

The Dangers of Skull Fractures

The brain is one of the most important organs in the human body, helping to control functions like movement, speech, feeling, memory, and more. The skull is responsible for protecting the brain from harm.

Car accidents, slip and falls, and many other incidents can cause the skull to fracture and break, leading to serious brain injuries. It is common for skull fractures to cause permanent disabilities and life-threatening complications, such as bleeding, infections, seizures, or coma.

To protect yourself from these dangerous consequences, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible to check for signs of this injury. Below are some of the most common symptoms of a skull fracture:

  • Headache
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Loss of memory
  • Nausea and vomiting

Recovering Compensation for a Skull Fracture Injury in California

Skull fracture injuries can have a major impact on your life, from your finances to your physical and mental well-being. If someone else’s actions caused your injury, you deserve justice. Filing a claim for a California skull fracture injury provides a pathway to the financial compensation that you need to recover from these devastating effects.

Depending on the cause of your injury, you could pursue an insurance claim or a personal injury lawsuit against the liable party. Motor vehicle drivers, property owners, corporations, and even government agencies are a few examples of defendants in these legal claims. An attorney can evaluate your claim and help you identify your optimal path to recovery.

How to Prove a Skull Fracture Claim

To secure compensation for a skull fracture injury, you will generally need to show that the at-fault party caused your accident. Specifically, you will need to gather evidence to prove the following facts:

  • The at-fault party owed you a duty of care at the time of your accident
  • The at-fault party breached his or her duty of care in some way.
  • The at-fault party’s breach of duty caused your skull fracture injury.
  • You sustained damages that you can collect in your lawsuit, such as medical expenses, lost wages, property damage, and pain and suffering.

There are several documents that you could leverage to prove these facts. Your medical records, surveillance footage from the scene of the accident, witness statements, and testimony from experts are a few powerful examples.

Speak to an Attorney about Your Skull Fracture Claim

If you suffered a skull fracture injury and want to pursue a legal claim, you need a lawyer on your side. A California brain injury attorney has the resources, knowledge, and experience necessary to guide you through the litigation process and fight for your right to maximum compensation.

As soon as possible following your injury, schedule a legal consultation to learn more about the process and initiate your claim.

Posted by highrank at 8:47 pm

What Are “Catastrophic Injuries” in California?

Monday, August 1, 2022

An unexpected injury can have a significant impact on your life, affecting your financial stability, physical health, and ability to go to work. However, some injuries are more severe and lead to more complications than others.

Catastrophic injuries are the most serious bodily injuries a person could sustain. However, this type of harm can be difficult to define. Here is what you need to know about catastrophic injuries in California.

Common Examples of Catastrophic Injuries

According to Supplement 4, Title 42 of the United States Code, a catastrophic injury is defined as any type of injury that permanently prevents a person from performing any type of gainful work. A catastrophic injury can involve many forms of damage, such as the following:

In California, the definition of catastrophic injury is relatively vague. This type of injury is referenced in the California Labor Code, which states that a catastrophic injury includes, but is not limited to, the loss of a limb, paralysis, severe burn, or severe head injury.

The Average Settlement for a Catastrophic Injury Claim

If you are injured because of someone else’s negligence, you have the right to pursue a lawsuit or insurance claim against the person responsible for the harm that you suffered. Through your lawsuit, you can recover compensation for damages like medical expenses, lost wages, property damage, disability accommodations, and pain and suffering.

In cases involving catastrophic injuries, these financial awards are often much higher than settlements for non-catastrophic injuries. Depending on your circumstances, your settlement can be as high as hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars.

Catastrophic injury settlements are likely to have a high value for several reasons, such as the following:

  • If you have a catastrophic injury, you will likely require greater amounts of medical care than other patients and may also have long-term care costs.
  • You may require disability accommodations to live with your injury, such as mobility equipment, live-in caregivers, and modifications to your home or vehicle.
  • Catastrophic injuries prevent you from returning to work, meaning that you can claim compensation for the loss of future earnings and benefits.
  • Your pain and suffering award will likely be higher for a catastrophic injury because of the injury’s impact on your life.

What to Do After Experiencing a Catastrophic Injury

If you develop a catastrophic injury because of someone else’s negligence, you deserve justice. In these situations, it is important to remain calm and seek help as soon as you can.

First, you should seek emergency medical attention for your injuries. Your health is your top priority. Go to the hospital or call emergency medical services as soon as possible and save all of your medical records.

If possible, call 911 to report the accident to the police or fill out an incident report. These documents will ensure that there is a record of the accident on file, which you can use to support your injury claim. Try to gather as much evidence as you can, such as photographs, videos, and witness information.

After you receive medical care, contact a California catastrophic injury attorney as soon as possible. Your attorney can guide you through each stage of your injury claim and work to recover the compensation that you deserve.

Posted by highrank at 7:06 pm

Five Motorcycle Maintenance Tips

Tuesday, May 31, 2022

When you own a motorcycle, good maintenance is an important part of responsible riding. Keeping your motorcycle in good condition can prolong the life of your bike. In addition, regular maintenance can reduce the risk of accident and keep you and others safe on the road. 

Here are a few key tips for keeping your motorcycle in great condition.

#1: Change Your Oil Regularly

To keep your motorcycle in good condition, you will need to change your oil every once in a while. Your owner’s manual should tell you how often you will need to complete an oil change, but in general, this should occur after several thousand miles.

Most people change their motorcycle oil at least once per year. You may need to change your oil more frequently if you drive more often or take your bike through very dirty or dusty areas. Before you ride your motorcycle, always check your oil and never ride if it is low.

#2: Lubricate Your Drive Chain

One of the most important components in a motorcycle is the drive chain. The drive chain helps transfer power from your motorcycle’s engine to your rear wheel. If this chain falls into disrepair, your motorcycle can become dangerous to ride.

It is important to lubricate your drive chain on a regular basis. For best results try to loop the chain after each ride. You should also check the chain’s tension to ensure that it is adequate.

#3: Inspect Your Tires

Next, you should always check your tires on a regular basis and replace them when necessary. Your manual will also include instructions on how often you should change your tires and what type of tires to use.

In addition to regular replacements, you should always check your tires to make sure that the pressure is correct to ensure good handling and avoid potential blowouts. Always check for signs of wear and tear as well; If you notice anything unusual, take your tires in for replacement.

#4: Test Your Brakes Before Each Ride

Your brakes are an extremely important mechanism for motorcycle safety. You should always test your brakes before riding to make sure that they are working. You should also check the brake fluid to ensure that it is at adequate levels.

Every couple of years or as dictated by your owner’s manual, you should replace your brake fluid. Additionally, check the thickness of your brake pads to make sure that they are not worn down. If you start noticing wear and tear, replace them.

#5: Clean Your Air Filter

The motorcycle’s air filter keeps debris out of the engine. To avoid dangerous conditions, you should regularly clean your air filter with compressed air. If the filter is difficult to clean, replace it on a regular basis.

Speak to a Motorcycle Accident Attorney

These tips can help keep your motorcycle in good working condition and reduce your risk of an accident caused by poor maintenance. However, collisions can still occur on California roads. If you were involved in an unexpected motorcycle accident, it is important to speak to an attorney.

In California, injured motorcyclists may be eligible for financial compensation if someone else caused their accident. As soon as possible following the collision, speak to a Bakersfield motorcycle accident attorney to discuss your legal options.

Posted by highrank at 5:28 pm

How Frequently Should You Change Your Car’s Tires?

Tuesday, May 31, 2022

Car owners often wonder how frequently they need to change their vehicle’s tires. Regular maintenance is necessary to ensure that a vehicle is in good condition and safe to drive. Changing tires can go a long way in preventing an unexpected blowout or dangerous situation.

There are many different answers for how often you should change your car’s tires. In these situations, it is important to defer to the guidance in your vehicle’s user manual and look out for common signs of damage, such as unusual vibrations. 

Why Worn or Aging Tires Are Dangerous

Replacing your tires is more than preserving your car’s aesthetic value or being a responsible car owner. Tires are an extremely important component of your vehicle and could heighten the chances of an accident if they are worn or damaged.

Aging tires can make it difficult to stop or brake on demand. You may be at a higher risk of blowouts, which could strand you in the middle of nowhere or cause you to collide with another car. Additionally, old, worn tires do not have good road grip, which could cause you to spin out of control and crash. 

Signs That You Should Replace Your Tires

Generally, the older and the more worn your tires are, the sooner that you should replace them Experts generally recommend that you change your tires when you reach between 25,000 to 50,000 miles on them. However, you should refer to your vehicle’s manual for more guidance.

There are several signs that you should replace your tires, including the following.

  • Tread Wear: Generally, new tires have a tread of 9/32” to 11/32”. When the tire is worn down to 2/32” or less, you should replace your tires as soon as possible.
  • Bubbles or Bulges: If your tire has any bulges or bubbles on the surface, it is very likely that the tire has suffered damage. You should replace a tire immediately if you notice any bulges.
  • Vibrations: When a tire has been worn down, you may start to feel unusual vibrations while driving. These vibrations usually come through the steering wheel. 
  • Visible Damage: Tires that have cracks, cuts, embedded nails or stones, abnormal wear patterns, or any other signs of visible damage may be dangerous to drive. It is important to replace a tire immediately in these situations.

What to Do After an Unexpected Car Accident

Replacing your tires regularly can help keep your vehicle in good condition and safeguard you against accidents. However, not all drivers are responsible. An unexpected accident can happen at any time due to worn or aging tires, putting you and your passengers at risk.

If you are involved in a car accident, it is important to remain calm and seek help. Call 911 immediately and report the accident to law enforcement. Go to the hospital and receive treatment for any injuries that you sustained. If you are able, take photographs or videos of the accident scene and collect information from the other driver and any witnesses.

Once you receive the treatment that you need, contact a Bakersfield car accident lawyer to discuss your legal options. An attorney can help you recover the compensation that you need to pay for medical care, lost wages, property repairs, and more.

Posted by highrank at 5:23 pm

How to Safely Share the Road With Motorcyclists

Wednesday, April 20, 2022

Motorcycle accidents are unfortunately common in the United States. Every year, motorcyclists suffer serious injuries and devastating fatalities in road collisions. Motorist negligence is often the cause of these accidents.

If you are a driver, it is important to know how to safely share the road with motorcycles. While driving, keep the following tips in mind to keep yourself and others safe on Bakersfield streets. 

#1: Keep Your Blind Spots in Mind

Many motorcycle accidents occur because drivers do not see motorcyclists. Cars often have blind spots where they cannot see vehicles traveling directly beside them. If a motorcycle is in the blind spot, serious accidents can occur.

When driving, always check your blind spots, especially before merging or changing lanes. This behavior can help you avoid colliding with a motorcycle in your vicinity.

#2: Put Away the Distractions

Drivers can fail to see motorcyclists for many reasons. Certain distractions can remove a motorist’s concentration away from the road, such as electronic devices, music, food, or even other passengers. If a motorist fails to pay attention while driving, he or she could accidentally collide into a motorcycle.

While sharing the road with others, put away the distractions. Concentrate your mind, eyes, and hands on the act of driving at all times. Just a few seconds of distracted driving could lead to a disastrous collision. 

#3: Be Careful While Passing

When passing a motorcycle, motorists should be careful. The law requires that drivers pass motorcyclists in the same way that they pass other vehicles. However, speeding past a motorcycle while passing could cause the motorcyclist to lose control of his or her vehicle.

To avoid catching a motorcyclist off guard, always pass at a safe speed and provide enough room to safely maneuver around the motorcyclists. Always make sure to signal your intent to pass by using your turn signal. Before returning to your lane, ensure that you are several spaces ahead of the motorcycle to avoid colliding into him or her.

#4: Provide Enough Room

Motorcyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as motor vehicle drivers. That means that motorcyclists are allowed to take up their own lane of traffic. Unfortunately, many cars drive too closely to motorcycles and expect them to share lanes.

When driving near a motorcyclist, always provide him or her enough room. Do not tailgate the motorcyclist and do not attempt to drive alongside him or her. Doing so could lead to a dangerous accident. 

#5: Avoid the High Beams

At night, it can be tempting to use high beams. However, motorcyclists are very vulnerable during this time—and bright lights could make it even more difficult to safely drive. While driving at night, turn off your high beams and ensure that you keep a safe following distance.

Speak to an Attorney About Your Accident Claim

If you are injured in an accident on Bakersfield roads, you may be eligible for financial compensation. Whether you are a driver or motorcyclist, filing a claim can enable you to recover damages to pay for medical care, lost wages, property repairs, and more.

In these situations, it is important to speak with a Bakersfield motorcycle accident lawyer as soon as possible. An attorney can guide you through the claims process and advocate for your highest possible award. Contact a lawyer after your accident to identify your optimal path to compensation. 

Posted by highrank at 9:58 pm

Common Questions About Bakersfield Bike Accidents

Wednesday, April 13, 2022

Bicycle accidents happen every year on Bakersfield roads, causing serious and sometimes life-threatening injuries to cyclists. In the aftermath of these accidents, victims often have lots of questions about their options for compensation, deadlines for filing a claim, and what to do after a collision.

The following are some of the most frequently asked questions about Bakersfield bike accidents.

#1: Does California Car Insurance Pay for Cyclist Damages?

Like most states, California follows a fault insurance system. If a driver negligently causes a car accident, he or she is financially liable for any damages that the victim sustains. The state requires motorists to hold liability insurance to protect their interests in the event of a crash.

As a bicycle accident victim, you have the right to pursue an insurance claim if the policyholder caused your collision. You can pursue a claim under your own insurance in limited circumstances.

#2: What Are My Options for Compensation After a Bicycle Crash?

After a bicycle accident, you have three main options to recover a settlement.

  1. You can file a claim under the at-fault motorist’s insurance coverage.
  2. You can file a personal injury lawsuit against the driver in California civil court.
  3. You can file a claim under your own insurance coverage if you have the appropriate policies

A Bakersfield bicycle accident lawyer can identify which option is right for your case. Most bicycle injury claims begin in the insurance stage and escalate to a personal injury lawsuit if necessary.

#3: What Should I Do After a Bicycle Accident?

The moments after a bicycle accident can feel scary and overwhelming. In these cases, it is important to seek help as soon as possible by calling 911. Report the accident to the police and seek emergency medical care.

If possible, document as much evidence about the accident as you can. Take photographs and videos of the accident scene. Ask any witnesses for their names and contact information.

#4: What Types of Damages Can I Claim After a Bicycle Collision?

In California, you have the right to recover two types of damages in a bicycle accident claim. Economic damages involve your financial losses, while non-economic damages refer to the physical and emotional pain and suffering that you experienced.

Common damages in Bakersfield bicycle accident claims include the following.

  • Medical expenses
  • Lost wages
  • Property damage
  • Disability accommodations
  • Emotional distress
  • Permanent disability
  • Loss of quality of life

#5: What Can I Do If Road Conditions Caused My Accident?

Many bicycle accidents occur due to dangerous road conditions, such as potholes, loose gravel, and poorly designed streets. If you were injured due to dangerous road conditions, you have the right to pursue a claim against the government agency responsible for maintaining that road.

Discuss Your Legal Options with a Bicycle Accident Lawyer

If you are injured in a Bakersfield bicycle accident, it is important to discuss your next steps with an attorney. Depending on the circumstances surrounding your case, you may be eligible for financial compensation through an insurance claim or lawsuit.

A Bakersfield bicycle accident lawyer can represent your case and advocate for your right to recovery. Contact an attorney as soon as possible after your accident to discuss your next steps.

Posted by highrank at 6:17 pm

Data Analysis: Dog Attacks in California

Tuesday, March 8, 2022

Along with cats, reptiles, and fish, dogs are some of the most commonly-encountered and beloved pets in the state of California. In fact, Pawlicy Advisor found that nearly 40% of California households owned at least one dog in 2020. In contrast, the same study found that only 22.9% of California households own a cat. When properly trained, socialized, and monitored, a dog can provide countless benefits to their adoptive family. They can serve as faithful companions, protect their owner from threats, or even serve as emotional support animals.

However, even the most gentle and well-trained dog can cause massive damage when provoked, particularly if they attack or bite a small child. To better understand how dog attacks deal damage and when they occur, we performed an in-depth analysis of bite attacks in California and the greater United States.

Dog Attack Resources

To quickly reach the data gathered at any specific section of this study, simply click the corresponding link below.

How Strong is a Dog’s Bite?
Who is Most at Risk of a Dog Attack?
Which Dog Breeds Cause the Most Nonfatal Attacks?
Tracking Fatal Dog Attacks Between 2005 and 2020
Underlying Circumstances of Dog Attacks Between 2005 and 2020
Fatal Dog Attack Statistics in 2020
Which Age Group Suffered the Most Fatal Dog Bites in 2020?
What’s the Average Cost of a Dog Bite Claim in California?
Do California Cities Have Breed-Specific Laws?
Protecting Yourself & Your Loved Ones From Dog Attacks

How Strong is a Dog’s Bite?

When the phrase “dog attack” comes to mind, you probably aren’t thinking of the neighbor’s Chihuahua as a likely culprit. Generally speaking, the larger the dog, the more powerful their bite. However, even if a dog has a strong bite, this does not mean they are any more likely to attack. A dog’s role, training, and temperament offer strong indicators of their potential to bite, and owners should always be very familiar with their pet’s warning signs.

Bite force is calculated in “Pounds per Square Inch,” or PSI. This is a measure of all the pressure applied to one square inch of a pound. When it comes to animals, this describes the force that is applied through a bite. For example, a human’s bite force typically falls between 120 and 140 PSI, while that of a mature grizzly bear is about 1,250 PSI. No dog’s bite force comes even close to the strength of a bear, but some of the strongest canines can nonetheless cause damage when startled or provoked. The ten breeds with the strongest bite force are:

Dog Breeds With Strongest Bite Force

Dog BreedBite Force (PSI)
Cane Corso700
Dogue de Bordeaux556
American Bulldog305
German Shepherd238
American Pitbull235
Chow Chow220

Who is Most at Risk of a Dog Attack?

According to research done by Psychology Today, children below the age of 15 are the victims of nearly three out of five dog attacks. Children aged five to nine are the most vulnerable of this group, and roughly 67% of these young victims are boys. One of the factors that increases the risks for children is that they are oftentimes unable to identify a canine’s body language accurately.

In a study of children in the Czech Republic, a dog’s emotions were correctly recognized only 17% of the time. Two of every three children in the study were unable to identify when a dog appeared afraid, and only 8% of the participants recognized threat indicators (as seen below). A fearful, worried dog is most likely to attack, and the fact that children are unable to recognize these warning signs puts them at increased risk of harm. With proper adult supervision, the likelihood of a serious bite attack can be reduced.

Percentage of Dog Emotions Correctly Identified


Which Dog Breeds Are Responsible for the Majority of Reported Nonfatal Attacks?

Using data gathered between September of 1982 and December 31st of 2014, we can get a sense of which dog breeds have historically been responsible for maulings in the United States. Please note that these figures have not been adjusted to prevent an attack from being listed more than once if the responsible dog is a mixed breed; therefore, we have included a “totals” row to track the number and severity of reported incidents. As an example, “pit bulls and mixes” caused 3,617 attacks resulting in bodily harm out of a reported 5,242 incidents, or 69%.

Dog BreedAttacks Causing Bodily HarmChild VictimsAdult VictimsMaimings
Pit Bulls & Mixes3,6171,4431,3792,249
Molosser Breeds[1]4,4671,8951,6222,732
Wolf-Like Breeds[2]45929496259
Chows & Mixes82542055


[1] Includes pit bulls, Rottweilers, Presa Canarios, Cane Corsos, mastiffs, Dogo Argentinos, Fila Brasieros, Sharpeis, boxers, and their mixes
[2] Includes Akitas, German shepherds, huskies, Karelian bear dogs, Malamutes, wolf hybrids, Shiba Inus, and their mixes

Tracking Fatal Dog Attacks Between 2005 and 2020

We were able to uncover data displaying fatal dog attacks in the United States for a 16-year period spanning 2005 to 2020. Pit bulls were found to have been responsible for most of the fatal dog attacks over this timeframe, with Rottweilers a distant second. 251 of the victims were age nine or younger, with children aged 0-2 suffering the highest number (149) of fatal bites.

Fatal Dog Attacks Between 2005 and 2020



Underlying Circumstances of Dog Attacks Between 2005 and 2020

Breaking the data from 2005 to 2020 down further, we can see that over half of the fatal bites were caused by family dogs and that the major of incidents occurred on-property. Fatal attacks by a single dog were the most common, but a number of bite incidents involved two or more aggressive canines. Please note that the table below contextualizes the circumstances that led to all fatal attacks (~570) in several different ways. Therefore, simply adding up the values in “number of fatal attacks” will result in a much higher (and inaccurate) death toll than was actually reported in this timeframe.

Type of AttackNumber of Fatal Attacks
Attack Involving One Dog304
Attack Involving Two Dogs131
Attack Involving Three Dogs49
Attack By Dog Pack (Four or More)84
On-Property Attack423
Off-Property Attack145
Family Dog Attack310
Non-Family Dog Attack260

Fatal Dog Attack Statistics in 2020

Looking specifically at 2020, the most recent year for which reliable data has been collected and made publicly available, we can see that pit bulls continue to lead the nation in fatal bite incidents. Taking a deeper dive into the data, pit bulls (33 fatal attacks), mastiff-type war and guard dogs (3 fatal attacks), and additional bull breeds (4 fatal attacks) dealt over 80% of lethal bites. One-third of the victims were children nine years or younger.

Fatal Dog Attacks By Breed, 2020


Which Age Group Suffered the Most Fatalities From Dog Bites in 2020?

Breaking down the proportions of fatal attacks by the victim’s age range, we can see that children aged 0-9 bore the brunt of lethal bites in 2020. Just under 33% of victims fell into this age bracket, which aligns with what we know about young children being at particular risk of incurring serious injuries from a dog. Somewhat unexpectedly, there were three victims in both the 10-18 and 19-29 age ranges, which see typically see less bite-related fatalities. All three of the victims in the latter category were male (aged 25, 26, and 27), and pit bulls caused all three fatalities.

Victims of 2020 Fatal Dog Attacks By Age



What is the Average Cost of a Dog Bite Claim in California?

Even if the victim of a dog bite survives an attempted mauling, they may suffer life-long injuries in the attack. Dogs are powerful and capable of inflicting lasting harm, particularly on young children and the elderly, who may be unable to resist or redirect the canine effectively. In 2019, there were 17,866 dog bite claims filed in the United States, totaling $802 million in value. According to data from State Farm®, the Insurance Information Institute, and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), California led all states with 2,396 dog bite injury claims. The average cost of an injury claim in the state was $51,264.60.

RankStateAverage Cost / Claim (Dollars)Number of ClaimsTotal Claim Payout (Millions)
1New York55,80089349.83
2New Hampshire54,141.89985.31
15New Jersey47,868.7469933.46
21West Virginia44,772.28713.18
22South Carolina44,661.4630713.71
23North Dakota44,166.40351.55
26Rhode Island43,567.80723.14
31South Dakota41,282.45431.78
35New Mexico40,080.34963.85
45North Carolina35,815.8741915.01

Do California Cities Have Breed-Specific Laws?

Not surprisingly, many California cities have breed-specific laws limiting the ownership and breeding of dogs that have been deemed dangerous or aggressive. Some cities forbid certain dog breeds from living in housing facilities, while other areas require mandatory sterilization. As of January 1st, 2021, the following counties and cities in California have passed laws to reduce dog attacks:


County or CityOrdinance & Impacted Breeds
AdelantoSpecial Requirements for Impounded Pit Bulls
AvalonMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls
GilroyMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls
GonzalesConfinement Requirement: Pit Bulls
HollisterMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls & Chihuahuas
Lake County“Adoption Amnesty Program” for Reduced Cost Spay / Neuter and Free Vaccinations
LancasterMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls & Rottweilers
MantecaMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls
RiponMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls
Riverside CountyMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls
Sacramento CountyCounty “Sterilization Fund” for Free Pit Bull Sterilization (Income Restricted)
San Bernardino CountyMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls
San Francisco CountyMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls
Sonoma CountyMandatory Sterilization: Pit Bulls

How Can You Protect Yourself & Your Loved Ones From a Dog Attack?

One of the best strategies to protect yourself from a dog attack is to reduce the chances of a bite occurring in the first place. You and your loved ones, including children, should familiarize yourselves with common signs of canine aggression, such as:

  • Loud, aggressive snarling or barking
  • Bared fangs
  • Biting at the air
  • Stiff ears and slowly moving tail
  • Standing tall with a wide stance

If you notice any of these warning signs, try to remain calm. Dogs may attack when they notice a fear response, so you should not run or turn your back to the aggressive canine. Some experts suggest standing indirectly of the dog and making yourself appear bigger, while not making eye contact.

Once a dog attacks, immediately shout for help. If a passerby comes to your aid, the dog may feel threatened and retreat. Dogs oftentimes clamp on the first thing they can get their teeth on, so you may be able to redirect the attack with a baggy article of clothing, a stick on the ground, or an object you’re holding. Protect your face and throat and ball your hands into a fist – a large dog may be able to sever a finger with a bite. If the dog bites and will not let go, do not panic and attempt to pry the dog off. You may worsen the injuries and, worse, not dislodge the canine. Try to overpower the dog and force it to release you.

If you’re bitten, no matter how minor the wound, see a medical professional as soon as possible. If the dog has rabies or another type of virulent infection, even a small wound may be life-threatening.

Sources Cited

Posted by highrank at 8:21 pm

What Are the Leading Causes of Concussions?

Tuesday, March 1, 2022

A concussion is one of the most common types of brain injuries. This condition occurs when the brain experiences an immediate and transient alteration in function, leading to a temporary loss of normal brain mechanics. 

Many incidents can lead to a concussion, from sports injuries and motor vehicle accidents to acts of violence like assault. If you believe that you have a concussion, it is critical to seek medical care immediately to avoid potentially dangerous complications. 

What Are Top Causes of Concussion Injuries?

Concussions occur due to trauma to the head. The brain tissue is soft and delicate, protected by the hard skull or cranium. The cerebrospinal fluid surrounds the brain, acting as a cushion between the organ and the skull.

During a moment of severe impact or force, the brain can bounce and move around inside of the skull. The brain can collide with the sides of the skull at dangerous force, causes the brain cells to stretch and become damaged. As a result, the brain experiences chemical changes that impact its function.

There are many incidents that could lead to a concussion. Some of the leading causes of this injury include the following.

  • Motor vehicle accidents 
  • Falls on the same level or from high places
  • Injuries sustained during sports or on the playground
  • Being assaulted or hit on the head by another person

Concussion injuries can affect brain function for a brief period before healing with rest and medical care. However, some people experience lasting complications from these injuries, such as persistent post-concussive symptoms and post-traumatic headaches. 

Common Symptoms of a Concussion

It can be difficult to know when you have a concussion. Symptoms of this condition may not appear for a few hours following the initial injury. However, any damage to the brain can lead to serious complications like bleeding or swelling. It is important to go to the doctor after experiencing any blow or jolt to the head.

Symptoms of concussions can be subtle and difficult to spot at first. In most cases, people experience headache, temporary amnesia, and confusion. 

Additional symptoms of concussions include the following.

  • Ringing in the ears
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Blurry vision
  • Feeling in a fog
  • Dizziness
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Slurred speech
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Irritability and mood swings
  • Sensitivity to light and sound

What to Do If You Suspect That You Have a Concussion

If you believe that you have a concussion, it is critical to receive emergency medical attention as soon as possible. Without treatment, concussions can become very dangerous and result in serious complications in the future. Seek medical care and save all records related to your injury.

In many cases, concussions occur due to the negligence of another person. If you sustain a concussion in an accident caused by someone else, you may be eligible for legal action against the at-fault party. In these situations, it is important to consult with a Bakersfield brain injury attorney about your options.

Concussions can be serious and painful conditions that affect your daily life. If someone else’s actions are responsible for your injury, you deserve justice. Contact a California brain injury lawyer as soon as possible following the accident to discuss your case and strategize your next steps.

Posted by highrank at 5:32 pm

Does Car Insurance Cover Me If I Hit a Pedestrian?

Tuesday, January 4, 2022

Car accidents occur every day on California roads. These collisions often involve two or more drivers. In some cases, pedestrians and cyclists are struck by drivers, resulting in severe injuries and property damage.

If you are in a car accident and hit a pedestrian, you could be financially responsible for that victim’s losses. Your insurance policy will typically cover these damages, but if the pedestrian requires additional compensation, you could be liable for the remaining cost.

California Car Insurance Requirements

State laws on car insurance typically fall into one of two categories: fault or no-fault. In no-fault states, people who are injured in car accidents are financially responsible for their own losses. They carry personal injury protection (PIP) insurance that pays for their damages after an accident.

Like most states, California follows a fault-based car accident system. If a driver causes a car accident, they are financially responsible for all of the damages that the victims sustain. Pedestrians, along with other drivers, passengers, and cyclists, are covered by this insurance policy.

To uphold this financial responsibility, drivers must carry the following amounts of car insurance.

  • $15,000 for injury or death to one person in an accident
  • $30,000 for injury or death to all people in an accident
  • $5,000 for property damage per accident

What Happens If You Hit a Pedestrian

If you are involved in a car accident and hit a pedestrian, the pedestrian could file a claim against you. Victims of California car accidents have the right to pursue an insurance claim or personal injury lawsuit against a negligent driver. If the pedestrian believes that you are at fault for the accident, he or she will likely file a claim against your insurance.

Your policy would cover the pedestrian’s losses up to your policy limits. If the pedestrian requires more compensation, he or she could escalate the case to a lawsuit. For this reason, it may be helpful to invest in higher amounts of insurance coverage. A Bakersfield car accident attorney can help you decipher the details of your case and explore your legal options.

Could a Pedestrian Be Liable for Your Car Accident?

Motorists are often at fault in accidents involving pedestrians. However, pedestrians hold certain duties and responsibilities as well. If a pedestrian fails to exercise reasonable care while on the road and causes an accident, he or she could be financially responsible for the accident. 

For example, say that a pedestrian suddenly runs across the road in front of an oncoming vehicle. The driver does not have enough time to stop and hits the pedestrian. In this situation, the pedestrian would be considered at fault because he or she committed a dangerous act. The driver could not reasonably stop and avoid an accident due to the pedestrian’s actions.

In some cases, drivers and pedestrians share liability for a collision. For example, say that a driver is speeding in a school zone. A pedestrian suddenly jaywalks across the street and the driver could not stop in time to avoid a collision. In this situation, the pedestrian may share 30% of the fault while the driver holds 70%. Under California law, the pedestrian could collect 70% of his or her total damages from the driver.

If you are involved in a pedestrian collision, it is important to speak with a lawyer. A Bakersfield bicycle accident attorney can represent your best interests and help you navigate the claims process. Contact an attorney as soon as possible following your accident to discuss your legal options.

Posted by highrank at 5:50 pm